Conférencier invité: Emmanuel Pietriga, Research Scientist at INRIA
Titre: Interfaces graphiques innovantes pour la visualisation de masses de données et le contrôle de systèmes complexes
Lieu: mercredi 13 juin à 14h, salle des thèses - IRIT - Rangueil (entrée libre)
The WIMP (window, icon, menu, pointing) graphical user interface paradigm developed in the
seventies has been prevalent for several decades, with most industrial user interface toolkits
adopting this style of interface design. The paradigm is ubiquitous, being used in most
software that feature a graphical user interface, ranging from mainstream ofﬁce applications
and drawing programs to critical systems such as power plant control room displays. Yet, this
paradigm has not evolved much since the seventies, and is not suited to applications that rely
on advanced computer graphics for, e.g., scientiﬁc visualization or geographical information
systems. It is also ill-suited to handling state-of-the-art input modalities that go beyond mouse
and keyboard, such as gesture-based interfaces, real-time motion capture, touch-sensitive
surfaces or cluster-based wall-sized displays, to give only a few examples.
In this talk, I will give an overview of recent work done at INRIA on this subject: state-of-the-
art post-WIMP interfaces and interaction techniques, that support tasks ranging from
advanced desktop window management to the visualization of large-scale scientiﬁc datasets
on ultra-high-resolution wall-sized displays. I will then show how some of these results are
currently being applied to the re-design of the ALMA radio-telescope's operations monitoring
and control user interfaces, as part of a joint effort between the ALMA partners and INRIA.
ALMA is the largest astronomical project in existence and its design poses numerous
research and engineering challenges, including the design of visualization components that
actually scale to the complexity of the system and enable both operators and astronomers to
cope with the vast amounts of data that will be generated by the instrument.